Sunday, 24 May 2015

Spirocercosis

Dogs are infected by eating an intermediate host (usually dung beetle) or a transport host (chickens, reptiles or rodents). The larvae migrate to the thoracic aorta, where they usually remain for almost 3 months. Eggs are passed in faeces almost 5–6 months after infection.

Most dogs with S.lupi infection show rare clinical signs, but when signs are present, they most commonly include weight loss, coughing, and difficulty in breathing. When the oesophageal lesion is very large (usually when it has become tumerous), the dog has difficulty swallowing and may vomit repeatedly after trying to eat. Such dogs salivate profusely and eventually become emaciated. In addition, they may develop thickening of the long bones. These clinical signs are suggestive of spirocercosis with associated neoplasia in regions where the parasite is prevalent. Occasionally, a dog dies suddenly as the result of massive bleeding into the thorax after rupture of the aorta damaged by the developing worms.

Diagnosis can be made by your vet through clinical signs, faecal lab by demonstrating the characteristic small, elongated eggs that contain larvae in the faeces. Gastroscopic imaging occasionally reveals a nodule or an adult worm. A confirmatory diagnosis can be made by radiographic examination when it reveals dense masses in the esophagus; a positive-contrast barium study may help define the lesion. CT is an additional useful diagnostic tool.

It is important to note that many infections are not diagnosed until post-mortem.

Treatment and Control
It is important to plan a regular check up with your vet.

Dogs should be prevented from eating dung beetles, frogs, mice, lizards etc. and not fed raw chicken scraps. There are special spot on medicine that helps prevent the condition.

Please note that treatment of clinical cases is often not practical.

  

Saturday, 25 April 2015

15th World Veterinary Day

During the "49th Annual Scientific Conference" in Busia we celebrated the "15th World Veterinary Day" today.

  

Sunday, 5 April 2015

Wheelchair for a puppy

Clients who have recently visited us might have seen that cute puppy in the front office. It is paralized (due to "self-vaccination" into the spinal cord in the former home?!?) and cannot move the hind legs.

We tried to get it walking again and were hopeful due to the young age. But it's time to accept that the nerves won't grow back and try new ways. We came up with the idea of building a dog-wheelchair. Very common in the US, new to Kenya.

What we are still looking for are wheels. Anyone has a pair of old stroller wheels or some from those kid's cars/toys? They shouldn't be too big - it's still a puppy :) About 10 to 20cm diameter. Bigger might also be useful in the future.

The status quo is unacceptable though it doesn't feel pain it pulls the legs and gets wound easily. Locking it in a cage is not an option either. Help us, donate two wheels and give this puppy a chance!

Happy Easter everyone and please don't vaccinate your animals on your own.

  

video

Wednesday, 1 April 2015

Can you spot your vet?

Here is a picture courtesy of the "Kenya Small and Companion Animal Veterinary Association" (KESCAVA).
Picture taken at the "Nairobi University Clinical Studies Department". DR. ANDREW HILLIER, BVSc, MACVSc, Dipl. ACVD ZOETIS gave us a good training on "Vet Skin Conditions".

Am sure our pets will all benefit :)